Crop Report October 3

— Written By

Weather conditions in the V-C region have been excellent for digging and harvesting. While some fields were dry and hard in terms of digging, rainfall 10 days ago helped soften soil and minimize shed during digging. However, soils have dried since then and are becoming a greater concern for digging. The majority of peanut in the V-C region are Virginia market types and pod shed is a greater concern with these market types. Dry soils can exacerbate pod loss. There is some concern over a tropical weather system in the gulf for the weekend of October 4 and its overall impact on digging and harvesting. However, when this report was developed the impact of that system on the V-C region was unknown. In the region 30 to 50% of peanuts have been dug and 25% harvested. Many peanuts will be dug over the next two weeks if weather cooperates with field operations.

Temperatures during the past two weeks and most especially the last 5 days have been excellent for continued pod maturation. However, high temperatures (low 80s during the day and low 60s at night) have also caused fields to dry quickly. This has affected further pod maturation in fields where moisture was limiting and will create difficulty in some fields in terms of digging conditions. Some peanuts have separated from the hull which will decrease further maturation of kernels. While quality appears to be good in many areas, some peanuts are showing pops due to issues associated with delays in gypsum application or excessive rain that leached gypsum from the pegging zone.

Total acreage in the V-C is estimated at 175,000 acres. Yield estimate continues to be 3600 pounds per acre.

Various levels of pod maturation for Virginia and runner market type peanut on September 24

Various levels of pod maturation for Virginia and runner market type peanut on September 24

Attachment of kernel to hull allowing continued maturation of kernels

Attachment of kernel to hull allowing continued maturation of kernels

Drought stress where rainfall during the past month has been limited.

Drought stress where rainfall during the past month has been limited.

Foliage of drought stressed peanut.

Foliage of drought stressed peanut.

Calcium deficiency noted in some pods where gypsum applications were delayed or calcium leached through soil due to excessive rainfall.

Calcium deficiency noted in some pods where gypsum applications were delayed or calcium leached through soil due to excessive rainfall.

Article first appeared as North Carolina Peanut Note (PNNC-2013-083)