JLA Report August 5, 2014
The peanut crop in the V-C region continues to progress nicely moving into August. In most cases rainfall has been adequate to move the crop forward and in some cases with recent weather patterns rainfall has been excessive (image 1). However, some areas of the lower southeastern portion of the V-C region continue to need rain. With the exception of disease management efforts, occasional outbreaks of worm complexes, and scattered weed escapes, the peanut crop is in excellent shape. Adequate rainfall and moderate temperatures as a rule have contributed to adequate vegetative growth and good pod set and continued maturation of pods (images 2-12). In some cases excessive vegetative growth has been noted and a considerable number of growers have applied the plant growth regulator Apogee to manage growth (images 13, 14). Some disease has been noted in the peanut canopy (images 15) although the vast majority of peanut vines are in excellent shape. Occasional weed escapes have been observed (images 16).
There are approximately 6 to 8 weeks remaining for the 2014 peanut crop in the V-C region. Peanut in the V-C region continue to be poised to yield well should weather conditions remain favorable for continued pod maturation and for digging and harvesting operations. As stated in previous reports, with a crop like peanuts that requires the two-step process of digging and combining, a great deal can go wrong in a short period of time. However, going into August great potential exists for a high-yielding and good grading crop of peanuts. Acreage projection is 200,000 acres or 81,000 hectares in the region (slightly higher than previous projections). Average yield potential is estimated at approximately 4,000 pounds per acre, slightly higher than previous projections.
Article first appeared as North Carolina Peanut Note (PNNC-2014-116)