Top Grower Surveys
Summary of Production and Pest Management Practices by Top Growers in North Carolina from 2010-2013.
R. RHODES*, P. SMITH, W. BURGESS, C. ELLISON, A. WHITEHEAD, A. COCHRAN, C.L. SUMNER, M. SMITH, C. TYSON, L. GRIMES, M. SHAW, R. HARRELSON, M. CARROLL, C. FOUNTAIN, A. BRADLEY, R. GURGANUS, K. BAILEY, R. THAGARD, B. PARRISH, T. BRITTON, J. MORGAN, M. HUFFMAN, M. SEITZ, M. MALLOY, D. KING, R. GOFORTH, T. WHALEY, N. HARRELL, R.L. BRANDENBURG, and B.B. SHEW, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, Raleigh, NC 27695.
The North Carolina Peanut Growers Association and the North Carolina Extensive Service recognizes the highest yielding peanut producers each year at annual county production meetings. A total of 74 of these farmers were surveyed to determine their pest management and production practices during 2010-2013. The percentage of peanut yields among farmers in various yield categories (lbs/acre) included: 2,500-3,000 (2%), 3,001-3,500 (2%), 3,501-4,000 (5%), 4,001-4,500 (15%), 4,501-5,000 (24%), 5,001-5,500 (27%), 5,501-6,000 (18%), 6,001-6,500 (5%), and 6,501-7,000 (2%).
Fifty-eight percent of farmers planted before May 15 with 42% planting after this date. Several farmers planted both prior to and following May 15. Although seeding rates varied for some farmers, 30% planted between 100-120 lbs seed/acre, 45% planted between 121-140 lbs seed/acre, and 25% planted 140 lbs seed/acre or more. Eighty-seven percent of farmers reported planting in in single rows while 13% reported planting in twin rows. Twenty-two percent of farmers planted in rows spaced 38 inches apart with the balance of producers planting in rows spaced 36 inches apart (78%). Twenty percent of farmers irrigated. Seventy-five farmers disked, 47% field cultivated, 43% bedded, and 34% ripped and bedded. Only 18% of farmers chisel plowed or mold board plowed. One farmer no tilled while 27% of farmers strip tilled. All farmers had at least two crops between peanut plantings. Ten percent of farmers had 2 crops while 41% had 3 crops, and 49% planted at least 4 crops between peanut plantings. Boron was applied by 97% of farmers while 76% and 77% of farmers applied manganese and Bradyrhizobia inoculant, respectively. Forty-seven percent of farmers applied the plant growth regulator prohexadione calcium (Apogee). Twenty-eight percent of growers planted one cultivar, 30% planted two cultivars, 24% planted three cultivars, and 18% planted four or more cultivars. Popular cultivars included CHAMPS (42%), Bailey (41%), Phillips (39%), Sugg (27%), and Perry (27%). Less frequently planted cultivars included NC-V 11 (20%), Gregory (16%), VA 98R (15%), Wilson (4%), Brantley (4%), and NC 12C (3%). Farmers treating peanut with in-furrow insecticides applied Temik (57%), Thimet or Phorate (10%), and Orthene or Acephate (14%). The primary postemergence applications of insecticides included Asana XL (34%), Karate Z (19%), and Lorsban (38%). The percentage of farmers spraying less than 3, 4, 5, 6, or greater than 6 times for leaf spot/stem rot were 7%, 25%, 48%, 15% and 5%, respectively. Thirty-eight percent of farmers fumigated with metam sodium for CBR while 12% treated peanut to control spider mites.
Article first appeared as North Carolina Peanut Note (PNNC-2015-016)