No. 96-2015 JLA Crop Report August 3 2015

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The peanut crop in the V-C region continues to be variable in growth and development and subsequently yield potential. Dry conditions persisted in the region through the week of July 27 with limited promise of substantial rainfall. Distribution of rain continues to be variable and will impact yield and market grades. Thirty-five percent of the crop in the V-C is experiencing significant drought stress and some of the pests associated with those conditions. Portions of the North Carolina throughout the coastal plain are now showing negative impacts on yield caused by hot and dry conditions. This is also the case in parts of South Carolina. In Virginia rainfall has been abundant and in some cases excessive. Fields in that portion of the V-C are beginning to dry and recover from wet soils.

Many growers have completed three fungicide sprays for leaf spot and stem rot, although some growers have sprayed fewer times because of dry weather. Foliar-feeding insect populations continue to be below threshold levels. However, risk of these insect populations will increase over the next few weeks. Images of peanut from Lewiston-Woodville in northeastern North Carolina planted in early, mid- and late-May are provided along with images from Rocky Mount. These images represent the variation in growing conditions experienced by growers in the V-C region.

The peanut crop in the V-C region is variable but continues to be in fairly good shape. Estimates remain the same for planted acres at 230,000 or 93,000 ha for the region. However, the yield estimate is lowered to 3,800 pounds/acre (4,256 kg/ha) at the current time.

Peanut in coastal plain of North Carolina experiencing dry conditions on July 30

Peanut in coastal plain of North Carolina experiencing dry conditions on July 30

Peanut in North Carolina under good growing conditions

Peanut in North Carolina under good growing conditions

Peanut planted May 5 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 5 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 5 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 5 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 5 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 5 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 18 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 18 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 18 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 18 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 18 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 18 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 27 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 27 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 27 with images recorded July 30

Peanut planted May 27 with images recorded July 30

Article first appeared as North Carolina Peanut Note (PNNC-2015-096)