JLA Report September 15

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Peanut in the V-C region is beginning to reach optimum maturity in many fields. While less than 5% of fields have been dug, many growers will begin digging operations during the week of September 21. Rainfall has impacted the rate of pod maturation with fields experiencing drought earlier in the season reaching optimum maturity for digging more slowly. Weather conditions moving into the weekend of September 19 and early the following week should be good for digging operations. While drought conditions will ultimately have a negative impact on peanut yield in many areas of South Carolina and some areas of North Carolina, rains over the past two weeks have improved the crop. With good digging and harvesting conditions peanut yield across the V-C has potential to rebound slightly. Images relative to pod maturity for the popular Virginia market type variety Bailey grown near Lewiston-Woodville (northeastern NC) and Whiteville (southeastern NC) are presented in Figures 1-4. Darker pods following pod blasting technique with a pressure washer equipped with a turbo nozzle reflect advanced maturity.

Estimates have changed slightly with a lowering of planted ha to 85,000 (210,000 acres) for the region. The yield estimate is increased to 3,700 pounds/acre (4,144 kg/ha) due to more favorable growing conditions over the past two weeks. This yield estimate could decrease if growers experience poor digging and combining conditions in late September and October.

Figure 1. Pod maturity profile from Lewiston-Woodville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 4 with image recorded September 10 with a projected digging date of September 21.

Figure 1. Pod maturity profile from Lewiston-Woodville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 4 with image recorded September 10 with a projected digging date of September 21.

Figure 2. Pod maturity profile from Lewiston-Woodville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 18 with image recorded September 10 with a projected digging date of September 28.

Figure 2. Pod maturity profile from Lewiston-Woodville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 18 with image recorded September 10 with a projected digging date of September 28.

Figure 3. Pod maturity profile from Lewiston-Woodville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 28 with image recorded September 10 with a projected digging date of October 5.

Figure 3. Pod maturity profile from Lewiston-Woodville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 28 with image recorded September 10 with a projected digging date of October 5.

Figure 4. Pod maturity profile from Whiteville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 8 with image recorded September 15 with a projected digging date of September 21.

Figure 4. Pod maturity profile from Whiteville, NC for the Virginia market type variety Bailey planted May 8 with image recorded September 15 with a projected digging date of September 21.

Article first appeared as North Carolina Peanut Note (PNNC-2015-132)