Crop Report November 17, 2015
Digging operations in the V-C region are complete while 2% or less of dug peanut remaining in the field. Weather conditions have been poor during a portion of the past three weeks, although farmers have been able to work around rainfall and wet soils in most cases. The harvest season has been 2.5 months for the V-C region during 2015 compared with 1.5 months during most seasons. Variation in both yield and quality were observed across the region due to weather conditions and the impact of those conditions on plant growth and development and ability to harvest. Dry conditions during much of the summer contributed to lower yields compared with yields during 2014. South Carolina and southeastern North Carolina experienced the brunt of a dry growing season and storms and floods during harvest. Central and northeastern North Carolina experienced sporadic drought depending upon location and in some instances excessive rainfall that reduced quality and yield. Virginia and some areas of northeastern North Carolina received adequate rainfall and in most instances the peanut crop was dug and harvested peanut prior to excessive rains. Few peanuts experienced freeze damage in the region. However, approximately 1% of the crop will be designated segregation 2 or damaged peanuts. Some growers had very high percentages of segregation 2 peanut while others had little to no damage.
Harvested hectares of peanut are 81,000 (200,000 acres). Yield estimate for the region is 3,100 pounds/acre (3,472 kg/ha). Estimates of yield in South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia is 2,600, 3,300, and 3,900 pounds per acre, respectively, corresponding to 2,912 kg/ha, 3,360 kg/ha, and 4,368 kg/ha.
Article first appeared as North Carolina Peanut Note (PNNC-2015-161)