Saving Money at Planting Peanut Notes No. 46 2023

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I had a question about plant population in 30-inch rows. I addressed this question in Peanut Notes No. 45. However, in this particular conversation, the consultant indicated that the grower was going to apply insecticide, Proline and Velum. To minimize cost, the grower was interested in reducing the seeding rate below the recommended 5-seed per foot. Of all of these inputs at planting, I think reducing the seeding rate is the most risky. In my work, Velum has been marginal in terms of suppression of nematodes, especially if populations are variable across the field. Depending on previous rotation, Proline can make a marginal contribution at best. It turns out that soybeans are frequently planted in the farmers rotation. Proline would be good insurance against CBR. However, if CBR was not present the last time peanuts were present in the field, the benefits of Proline would be marginal. If field history is unknown, Proline serves as insurance. With that said, Bailey II and Sullivan have good resistance to CBR. In contrast, Emery is more susceptible. However, in context, Emery has better resistance than our older varieties like CHAMPS and Gregory.

To me, it all starts with a good stand of peanuts. Seeding rate is the first step.