Peanut Maturity and Establishment of Pegs in Late August Peanut Notes No. 202 2023

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This year I’m looking at peanuts in Chowan County. The fields are in the Ryland area and they had pretty good luck with rainfall through most of July. Things have changed and now the unirrigated fields are desperate for moisture. The peanuts in the picture are typical for these dry fields. Because many of the pods are soft with the kernels drying out and there are many pops, I don’t see much yield if this is all there is. There are also plenty of beginning pods and pegs that will go into the ground with moisture. What potential for additional yield do you see assuming we get moisture this week and we keep average warmth through September? Maturity work is going to be interesting this year.


I don’t think any pegs now will make unless we have a perfect September and a very warm October and November. When pegging occurs in early August we can make a crop (lower yield) but I don’t think we can get there with early September.

Follow Up:

The time from pegging to a peanut that is marketable (orange to brown pod mesocarp color) is about 80 days (R2 to R7 growth stages.) See Tables 10-1 and 10-2 on page 182 in 2023 Peanut Information for more details. The 80 days reflects temperatures that are common in June, July, and August and not September, October, and November.